Tag Archives: Civil Rights

Black Co-ops Were A Method of Economic Survival

Black Co-ops Were A Method of Economic Survival
I have been able to both compile and chronicle the major activities of African Americans in the United States who have been involved in some form of cooperative business development or collective economics. And, why is that important? Because when I first got interested in using cooperative models for community economic development, particularly in Black communities, everywhere I went people kept telling me that black people don’t do co-ops. Read more

The Underground Railroad Was One of America’s First Co-ops: A Black History Tour of Cooperative Economics

The Underground Railroad Was One of America’s First Co-ops: A Black History Tour of Cooperative Economics
Cooperative economics and civil rights don't often appear together in history books, but they should. From the mutual aid societies that bought enslaved people's freedom to the underground railroad network that brought endangered blacks to the north, cooperative structures were key to evading white supremacy. And there was vicious backlash when black co-ops threatened the status quo. Read more

How Co-ops Helped Produce Foot Soldiers for Civil Rights

How Co-ops Helped Produce Foot Soldiers for Civil Rights
Southern pews and pulpits weren’t the only source of people power during the long civil rights movement. So, too, were cooperative economic enterprises. These worker or consumer-owned alternatives to U.S. capitalism helped train and produce civil rights leaders from A. Philip Randolph to Ella Baker and Fannie Lou Hamer to sitting congressman John Lewis (D-Ga.). That historical link, between the civil rights fight and alternative economic ... Read more